In addition it is important that this diet was diverse and contained a sufficient amount of essential nutrients – proteins, mineral salts and vitamins. Connect with other leaders such as Dean Ornish M.D here. At the same time it should provide enough energy to the patient's body weight is closer to the ideal and long-term sustained at this level. The diet should conform to the principles of good nutrition. The correct composition of the diet for diabetics carbs = 55-60% + 25-20% fat 15-20% protein + carbohydrates (sugars) should be as well represented in complex carbohydrates (starches), food should contain adequate amounts of fiber (Fibers), which prevents the rapid absorption of carbohydrates and a rapid rise in blood glucose after meals. Simple carbohydrates (glucose) are absorbed immediately and cause an increase in sugar levels. blood.
Fats should be mainly of vegetable origin, the amount of cholesterol in the diet must be adjusted depending on its level in the blood, the diet should not lead to increased cholesterol levels above the critical level. Protein should up 15-20%, but their total daily dose should not exceed 1 g per 1 kg body weight. For adolescents and pregnant women should increase protein intake to 1.5 g per 1 kg of body weight per day. Previously assigned a diet high in protein can lead to kidney impairment. If properly treated diabetes (diet, medications, insulin), diabetic can live a full life. But if it does not compensate, you may cause serious complications, early or late. By the early include ketoacidosis – poisoning the decay products of fat, diabetic hyperglycemic coma (sudden loss of consciousness) or hypoglycemia (impaired consciousness due to low blood sugar levels). These complications are often triggered by non-compliance with diet, variations in treatment or therapeutic regime, as well as infectious diseases. Late complications arise from prolonged inadequate control of blood sugar. These include eye disease, kidney disease, small vessels and nerves of the lower extremities (so-called.